Just 30km’s east of Pretoria lies the charming town of Cullinan, a time capsule of the mining life in the 1930’s.
Cullinan is famous for the discovery of what would be named the Cullinan Diamond - the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever found. The stone was named after Sir Thomas Cullinan who owned the diamond mine at the time. The stone, bought by the then Transvaal government was presented to King Edward VII and then cut into three large parts, this gave rise to the Great Star of Africa - the largest polished gem from the stone, also known as Cullinan I. The second largest gem from the Cullinan stone, known as the Lesser Star of Africa, is the third largest polished diamond in the world and part of the British crown jewels, on display in the Tower of London.
Tourists flock to the town to experience the historic stone and corrugated iron homes, the Jacaranda and Oak lined streets and the inviting cool porches of the tourist area. This living museum is only a part of what attracts residents to the area.
Cullinan still serves the premier mine, located on a rich diamond-bearing kimberlite pipe, the largest in South Africa. The mine is the third largest diamond producer in the country.